Country of origin: France
Berry color: Blue-black
Common synonyms: Pineau de Bourgoyne, Franc Pineau, Noirien, Salvagnnin, Morillon, Auvernat, Auvernaut noir, Plant Dore, Vert dore, Burgunder blauer, Blauer Spatburgunder, Clavner, Blauer-Klavner, Schwarzer Riesling, Mohrchen, Schwarzer Burgunder, Pinot nera, Blauer Nurnberger, Nagyburgundi
Comments: The TTB-approved prime name is Pinot noir
Pinot noir is perhaps the oldest cultivated variety of the genus Vitis. It is thought to be the cultivated vine described by Roman authors in the first century. By the fourteenth century it was known by several names—including Pinot—in different growing regions in France.
Pinot noir has among the earliest budbreak and harvest dates when compared to most varieties. Since it is a short-season variety, it is chosen for marginal sites where temperatures preclude other varieties from reaching full maturity. Early budbreak often puts it at risk for spring frost. Likewise, temperatures are more likely to be cool and damp during the bloom period, which can result in coulure or millerandage, thus reducing fruit set and yield.
Foundation Plant Services at UC Davis is the source of Foundation grapevine material for the nursery industry, and the staff can provide information about possible sources for obtaining this stock.
The National Grape Registry (NGR) contains information about varieties of wine, juice, and table grapes, raisins, and grape rootstocks available in the United States. Growers, nurseries, winemakers and researchers can find background information and source contacts for those grape varieties in this single convenient location.
Nelson-Kluk, S. 2002. Carneros Creek Clonal Trial (PDF). Foundation Plant Services Grape Program Newsletter. Fall 2002:10-12.
Nelson-Kluk, S. 2003. History of Pinot noir at FPS (PDF). Foundation Plant Services Grape Program Newsletter. Fall 2003:9-13.
Haegaer, J. 2004. North American Pinot Noir. University of California Press. Buy book